Travel Authorisation for Minors
According to Articles 83-85 of the Child and Youth Statute of Brazil, a Travel Authorisation for Minors is mandatory for Brazilian children under 18 years of age travelling out of Brazil in any of the following circumstances:
- accompanied by only one parent;
- accompanied by a third party.
The travel authorization must be granted by means of a document (two copies) with authenticated signatures, legalized by the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington. The Authorisation may be incorporated into the minor’s passport (only when the passport is being renewed) or it can be issued separately. For further information, see the page “Passaporte para Menores de 18 anos
” (in Portuguese only).
Validity of the Authorisation
The validity of the Travel Authorisation must be defined by the minor’s legal guardians. If the validity is not defined, the legal interpretation is that the Authorisation will be valid for two (2) years from the date of issuance.
There is no limit for the validity of the Authorisation. It may be valid for a single trip; for duration of the minor’s passport; until the child turns 18 years old; or any other specified date.
Filling out the Travel Authorisation Forms
The form must be signed by the parent who will not be accompanying the child during the trip; or, in the case of the child travelling unaccompanied or accompanied by a third party, the form must be signed by both parents. The signatures must be legalised in the following manner, according to each situation:
- For a Brazilian father/mother who comes in person to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington: the signature will be authenticated directly by the Brazilian Consular Authority.
- For a Brazilian father/mother in New Zealand who cannot come in person to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington: the travel authorization forms must be signed before a New Zealand Notary Public prior to submitting the authorisation forms to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington.
- For a non-Brazilian father/mother:
i) Without a RNE (Brazilian ID): the travel authorization forms must be signed before a New Zealand Notary Public prior to submitting the authorisation forms to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington.
ii) With a valid RNE, who comes in person to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington: the signature will be authenticated directly by the Brazilian Consular Authority.
iii) With a valid RNE who cannot come in person to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington: the travel authorization forms must be signed before a New Zealand Notary Public prior to submitting the authorisation forms to the Embassy of Brazil in Wellington.
- Two (2) copies of the Travel Authorisation for Minors form (front and back), duly filled out and signed according to the instructions above;
- Two (2) identical photos (3x4cm) of the child (optional);
- Two (2) copies of the minor’s passport (to be attached to each copy of the form)
- If the documents cannot be collected in person, a pre-paid self-addressed envelope must be included. The Consular Sector recommends using a courier service that provides a tracking number;
- If the forms are to be signed in person at the Embassy, a valid official Brazilian ID with photo (RNE for non-Brazilians) must be presented.
Inclusion of a Travel Authorisation in a Passport
The Travel Authorisation may be included in the minor’s passport, as long as it is presented at the same time of the passport renewal.
IMPORTANT: If the desired validity of the authorisation is to be that of the minor’s passport, the validity field on the form should be noted as “Until the expiration date of the current passport”.
For documents received in person: ten(10) working days
For documents received through the post: fifteen (15) working days
- When the signature has been notarised by a Notary Public, please write the complete name and city of the Notary if it is not indicated or legible;
- When travelling out of Brazil, the child must have two original copies of the form. The first will be retained by the Federal Police control agent upon departure; the second will remain with either the child or their guardian throughout the trip;
- If the minor is to make multiple trips, more than one copy of the form can be
- If applicable, an authenticated copy of the guardianship/custody term should be attached to the form;
- It is recommended that the Travel Authorisation forms be presented to the migration authorities at the Federal Police well in advance so as to avoid problems and allow sufficient time for the analysis of the documentation;
- If one or both of the child’s guardians have passed away, an authenticated copy of the Death Certificate should be attached to each copy of the Travel Authorisation;
- Click here to see a list of Notaries Public whose signatures are registered with the Embassy.
According to the Immigration Division of the Federal Police as well as Brazil’s National Council of Justice, travel authorizations will not be demanded from foreign minors departing their home country:
"The Federal Police applies the provisions of the Child and Youth Statute of Brazil and Resolutions of the National Council of Justice in monitoring the transit of Brazilian minors.
The same rigor is not observed for the control of foreign minors due to the fact that they are subject to their home country’s legislation and had to undergo local migratory control.
This understanding is supported by the National Council of Justice and is published under resolutions pertaining Brazilian minors”.